The inclusion of the deal in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. (6) The part of the institutional and final provisions (Articles 158 to 185) contains rules to ensure uniform interpretation and application of the Agreement. In addition, a Joint Committee and a Dispute Settlement Procedure have been set up for the management of the Agreement. The 599-page Withdrawal Agreement has the following priorities: The agreement also provides for a transition period that lasts until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adjust to the new situation and give THE UK and EU governments time to negotiate a new EU-UK trade deal.   As regards the Irish border issue, there is a Northern Ireland Protocol (`backstop`) annexed to the Agreement, which sets out an alternative position that will only enter into force if no other effective arrangement can be demonstrated before the end of the transition period. If this happens, the UK will follow the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will retain some aspects of the single market until such a demonstration is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland where customs controls are necessary.  The objective of the Withdrawal Agreement was to reduce in an orderly manner any cooperation on the basis of the UK`s accession to the EU. The Withdrawal Agreement will remain in full force and will apply alongside the agreements on the future relationship between the EU and the UK.
The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the conditions for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). The text was initially approved by negotiators on 14 November 2018 and approved on 25 November 2018. November 2018 approved by the European Council (Article 50). Following the change of government in the United Kingdom, the parties` negotiators revised the text of the Withdrawal Agreement, in particular as regards the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. Negotiators reached a new agreement on 17 October 2019. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) ratified the new text. On 24 January 2020, the European Union and the United Kingdom signed the Withdrawal Agreement. Following the positive vote of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020 and the Council decision on the conclusion of the Withdrawal Agreement on 30 January 2020, the Withdrawal Agreement entered into force on 1 February 2020. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border arrangements and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU.
It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons rejected the agreement on September 12. March 2019 by 391 votes to 242, and rejected a third time on 29 March 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On October 22, 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government took the first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval program failed to find the necessary support, announcing his intention to call a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement Act; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament gave its consent to the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. On the 15th.
In November 2018, a day after the UK government cabinet presented and supported the deal, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.  The UK Parliament approved the draft agreement at the time by adopting implementing legislation (the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020) on 23 January 2020). Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force. 1. The common part of the Agreement (Articles 1 to 8) contains mainly provisions on the implementation, application and interpretation of the Agreement. The European Union also agreed to ratify the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020.  Accordingly, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, which concluded the Agreement and allowed it to enter into force at 11:00 .m.m p.m.
on the date of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. . . .